Everyone is at risk for glaucoma. However, certain groups are at higher risk than others.
The most common type of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, is hereditary. If members of your immediate family have glaucoma, you are at a much higher risk than the rest of the population.
Family history increases risk of glaucoma four to nine times. If you have family history of glaucoma your eyes should be tested every year.
A completed eye exam to detect glaucoma includes the next eye tests: tonometry, pachymetry, ophthalmoscopy, perimetry(visual field), gonioscopy and OCT of the optic nerve.
Diagnosing glaucoma is not always easy, and careful evaluation of the optic nerve continues to be essential to diagnosis and treatment. The most important concern is protecting your sight. Doctors look at many factors before making decisions about your treatment.