B-scan ultrasonography is a very useful non-invasive technique. It is painless and can be easily performed in our clinic, even on children, often without sedation.
Allow as the diagnosis of many ocular and orbital diseases. In some cases we can get information not possible with clinical examination alone. B-scan ultrasound is most useful when direct visualization of intraocular structures is difficult or impossible. For example in cases of lid problems (eyelid severe edema,…), keratoprosthesis, corneal opacities (eg, scars, severe edema), hyphema, hypopyon, miosis, pupillary membranes, dense cataracts, or vitreous opacities (eg, hemorrhage, inflammatory debris).
In such cases, the ocular echography can accurately image intraocular structures and give us valuable information on the status of the lens, vitreous, retina, choroid, and sclera. However, in many instances, ultrasound is used for diagnostic purposes even though pathology is clinically visible.
One of the most frequent indications for ocular echography is to examine the retina in diabetic patients who have developed vitreous hemorrhage, to determine whether they have developed a potentially blinding condition called a retinal detachment.
Ocular echography is also very useful in differentiating between various intraocular tumors.
Orbital echography is also very useful in examining the soft tissue structures surrounding the eye. Infections, tumors, congenital abnormalities, inflammatory disease, traumatic disorders, and many other problems can be reliably diagnosed and followed using echography